Did You Know: Less than 1% of the 1966 population of Bobwhite and Vesper Sparrow exist in the state of WV today.
Grassland nesting birds are in trouble! The numbers of these birds have dropped precipitously, many losing 80% of their population in the past 50 years. Habitat loss, land use practice changes, pesticides, and other unknown causes are all conspiring against these wonderful birds.
The Grassland Birds Initiative is designed to provide landowners with the knowledge and tools to help grassland birds. By providing high quality habitat, which will not be disturbed for the nesting season, we are giving these species a desperately needed last chance at survival.
Why Grassland Birds And Habitats Are In Peril
How many pastures and agricultural fields do you remember from your youth are now housing developments, shopping centers or parking lots? Habitat loss of breeding ground is a big part of the problem.
Even more insidious are the changes in agricultural practices that have occurred over the last few decades. Earlier cutting of hay fields along with repeated cutting of the same fields during the growing season create a no-win situation for grassland nesting species. Many of the sparrows and blackbirds that rely on grasslands for breeding require 2 weeks to construct a nest, another 2-3 weeks for the eggs to hatch and again, 2-3 weeks for the young to fledge and be independent enough to move out of the area. Cutting hay fields in late June, again in July and again in August doesn’t allow nearly enough time for these breeders to be successful.
This practice of repeated cutting of fields also depletes the soil of precious nitrogen. In years past, fields were allowed to lay fallow for a season or two in order to recharge the nutrients in the soil. This also greatly benefited wildlife and our grassland nesting birds.
Many feel that these birds can nest in the fence rows and rock breaks of these fields. However, studies have shown that these restricted areas, many oriented in long continuous lines, are more effectively patrolled and hunted by predators such as the red fox. This increased pressure from predation is just as deadly to breeding birds as the cutting of the field.
How you can help grassland birds:
- Enroll your property into the Grassland Birds Initiative program with PVAS and display your “Grassland Bird Preserve” sign for others to see.
- Practice reduced mowing; rotational mowing, late season mowing, or only mowing every four to five years to maintain a functional grassland ecosystem on lands that are not in production and to keep woody species from encroaching.
- Plant and establish warm-season grasses that are more beneficial to wildlife.
- Cooperate within the community to preserve and protect other grasslands for wildlife, using your project as a model for others.
- Coordinate with other land owners to attempt to link grasslands into larger tracts to increase the effective acreage of appropriate habitats.
- Cooperate with state and federal programs to offset costs associated with grassland preservation.
Benefits of managing land for grassland birds:
- Increased success of grassland nesting birds.
- Possible return of species that have disappeared from our area.
- Fewer insect pests, as grassland birds only feed their young insects
- Reduced fuel usage and reduced wear and tear on equipment.
- Establishment of a functional grassland habitat that benefits a host of plant and animal species.
- Reduced negative impacts from over-use of the soil.
- Increased fertility of the land.
- Help to ensure that future generations can experience and appreciate the wonderful birds and wildlife that make grasslands their home!